Transference & Archetypes
Carl Jung

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Carl Gustav Jung developed an understanding of archetypes as being "ancient or archaic images that derive from the collective unconscious".[1] These are different from instincts, as Jung understood instincts as being "an unconscious physical impulse toward actions and the archetype as the psychic counterpart".[2] There are many different archetypes and Jung has stated they are limitless, but they have been simplified; examples include the persona, the shadow, the anima, the animus, the great mother, the wise old man, the hero, and the self.[2] The great mother, the wise old man, and the hero tend to be considered add-ons from the basic set, because they are not included in Jung’s map of the soul along with the others. The archetypes can be used for a sense of understanding as well as for a state of treatment[2][3][4][5] "The archetype is a tendency to form such representations of a motif - representations that can vary a great deal in detail without losing their basic pattern ... They are indeed an instinctive trend".[6] Thus, "the archetype of initiation is strongly activated to provide a meaningful transition ... with a 'rite of passage' from one stage of life to the next":[7][8] such stages may include being parented, initiation, courtship, marriage and preparation for death.[9]